Lice are the plural used for louse and it the kind of parasite that is found on the head of the human beings. It is one of the most common conditions found in kids who are at their school and pre-school age. It is a contagious issue as the parasite can travel from one person to another through contact or through the air. If an individual at a household is affected by the condition, there is a high probability of the rest being affected by the same. The symptoms of being affected by lice range from itching, development of sores on the head, feeling of something moving in the head, and tickling. Sharing of brushes, combs, clothing, or caps with an infected person can lead to the individual being infected by head lice.
The condition of infestation of head lice is known as pediculosis. It is found to be a very common condition of infection since ancient times. It is estimated that there are around six to twelve million new cases of head lice infestation registered in the United States every year.
There are various risk factors associated with head lice. You should know about them to avoid their infestation.
Coming in contact with an infected person
Any person who comes in contact with another person infected with lice or comes in contact with the things the person has been using, such as clothes, combs, and caps are at the risk of being affected by lice infestation.
It is common among kids
It is commonly noticed that the kids who are between the age of three to eleven are affected the most by the condition. This makes their family be at the risk of being infested by head lice.
Girls have more chance of being attacked
Girls and women are found to be affected by lice infestation compared to boys and men respectively.
Lice can be passed from the stuffed animal that was in contact with a person infected with the condition. Being contracted by lice infestation does not mean the person has poor hygiene. The parasite can live in the body of anyone.
Types of head lice
Lice are of three types based on their age. All of them can infest in your hair. The types of head lice are discussed below.
These are the eggs that lice lay. It is extremely tiny making it difficult to notice it for the naked eye. These are usually confused with dandruff. They are white or yellow in colour and are oval shaped. The nits take approximately one week to hatch.
The nits or the eggs hatches to form the nymphs. These are similar to adult lice except that they are smaller in size. They live solely on blood and take about a week to develop into adults.
The nymph grows into the size of a sesame seed. The female lice are larger than male lice. They live on blood and usually dies within two days if it falls off a person. The life span of lice can be up to thirty days.
Lice is not a serious condition. But a severe infestation of lice can lead to discomfort and even lead to hair loss. So make sure to get the help of a doctor in case the condition gets worse.