Acne – The Teenage Terror

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Acne – The Teenage Terror

Acne is a condition that affects the skin. It is also known as Acne Vulgaris medically and involves the glands that secrete oil at the base of the hair follicles. Acne is commonly seen in teenagers as the hormonal imbalance due to the effect of puberty has an important role to play. The males hormones produced by adrenal glands in both men and women starts working on the sebaceous glands – the gland that secretes oil to keep the skin lubricated. It usually affects the face, back, and chest of a person and it is noticed that bacteria does not have a role in causing the condition but is known to help in the development process.

The pores in the human skin are connected to the gland that produces Sebum oil. It is the function of sebum to carry the dead cells from the pores out to the surface of the skin. When the follicles get blocked due to blocks in the pores, it results in the development of pimples and also results in the accumulation of oil under it. Acne is not a dangerous condition, but it can at times leave scars if not treated properly.

Causes of Acne

The exact cause of acne is still unknown. But it is believed that acne occurs due to the excessive functioning of the adrenal gland at the wake of adolescence.  This leads to the increased production of androgen hormones. The result of this is the rise in production of Sebum oil by the gland that exists under the hair follicles. The excess oil blocks the pores and results in the growth of bacteria. This leads to the development of acne. Some studies suggest that acne can be caused due to genetics. Greasy cosmetics can be another reason for the cause. Androgen and lithium-containing medication can also cause acne. It is also noted that the hormonal changes during pregnancy might also result in acne.

Symptoms of Acne

The symptoms of acne are very noticeable and would not require diagnosis by a doctor to confirm the condition. Some of the symptoms of acne are:

  • the appearance of red, tender bumps (zits and pimples)
  • the appearance of pustules
  • occluded pores which are also known as whitehead or blackhead
  • extreme cases leads to the development of cysts

Types of Acne

  • Blackheads – black in appearance and clearly visible at the surface of the skin
  • Whiteheads – They are very small and remain under the skin
  • Pustules – they are red in colour, have pus in them, and are clearly visible
  • Papules – small pink bumps that are visible on the surface of the skin
  • Nobules – large, painful, solid pimples that are very visible and are embedded deep within the skin
  • Cysts – it can cause scars and are painful, filled with pus and clearly visible at the surface of the skin.

Treatment

The majority of the cases of acne are mild. These are usually treated by the use of over the counter medications. But in the case of cysts, the treatment should be with much care as it can leave scars on the face.

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